Deforestation in India

Deforestation in India

Some of the human activities that lead to the deforestation in India are; agricultural purposes (farming), wood harvesting, grazing land, mining and collecting palm oil, which has a large market. Additionally, with it’s growing population of over one billion, more and more of Indian land has to be used, creating the deforestation of forests in order to have more places for people to live. Mainly, most of them come hand in hand, where in order to make land possible to be used for farming, the trees cut down wood is used for wood harvesting, with the palm oil being found in the leaves of the palm trees being cut down. Due to India being rich in resources, trees are cut down simply for whats beneath them- minerals.

While deforestation does help improve the struggling Indian economy, environmentally, it is extremely hazardous. One of the major problems it creates is known as the "greenhouse effect." Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas, which let heat from the sun go through the ozone layer of our atmosphere. However, when there is too many of these greenhouse gases, it creates raising temperatures on Earth, creating the greenhouse effect. Normally, the process of photosynthesis, which is where plants use carbon dioxide to make oxygen, decreases carbon dioxide levels and balances it; however, with less trees, less carbon dioxide is used by trees and plants. Unfortunately, since more and more trees are being cut down, there increasing amounts of carbon dioxide, growing rapidly due to deforestation.

Beyond pollution and the greenhouse effect, deforestation impacts animals negatively as well, with many populations declining rapidly. This is because animals are migrating to urban and rural towns and cities, and are being hunted due to predator-prey relationships.

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